Ultimate Guide To Annapurna Circuit Trek
The Annapurna Circuit is an amazing adventure and one of the best treks in the world. Our complete guide will help you with planning and answer all the essential questions you might have. We provide you with travel advice on where to sleep, hiking tips, what to pack, when to go, day-by-day itinerary and costs of travel.
Annapurna Circuit Trekking Guide
Are you planning to trek the Annapurna Circuit and looking for all the essential information and answers to your questions?
You are in the right place.
We put together all the topics we wanted to know all about before our journey and created this Annapurna Circuit guide based on our personal experience to get you ready for your ultimate Himalayan adventure.
To get the better idea, check out our day-by-day Annapurna Circuit itinerary.
When to trek the annapurna circuit
The recommended hiking season starts from September and ends in late November.
These months guarantee you three things: warm weather with clear skies, shorter days, and a large number of hikers. March and April is a second/shoulder season with long days and nature in bloom, but it can get hazy in lowlands.
December through February are cold winter months, and path can be impassable because of snow, but we believe if you are experienced and well-equipped, hiking at this time of year must be incredible.
The only downside could be difficulties to find open lodges. Probably the only not-recommended time to visit this area is the wet season from June to September. It rains a lot though usually not all day but you might be annoyed by leeches and there is a danger of landslides and rock falls.
We trekked the Annapurna Circuit from the end of March till mid-April, and it was a bit hazy for the first two days especially in the afternoon, but considering we were still at a lower elevation and in the valley, it did not bother us at all.
Once we've reached 3000 meters, the haze vanished, and the views were superb. It did not rain the whole trek, but we had snow couple nights just before we were about to cross the Thorung La.
Where to start the annapurna circuit trek
Due to ongoing road construction between Besisahar, Chame and Manang, the first part of the trek is getting less popular each year.
That's not necessarily a bad thing as the trail is less crowded. In fact, hikers will spread along the way, and you barely meet anyone during the day. The feeling when you start in a lush green forest with temperatures hitting 30°C and slowly make your way through the rice fields up to the snow-covered pass with freezing temperatures and 7000+ meters high peaks around you is indescribable.
We started the trek in Besisahar and can only recommend you to do the same.
If you are short on time though, you might want to consider hiring a jeep which will take you to Manang and save couple days.
Accommodation on the annapurna circuit
The Annapurna Trek is also known as Apple Pie trek for a reason. As you walk from village to village, tea houses and lodges are scattered relatively close to each other along the road, and they grant unexpected comfort for hikers in the Himalayas.
Thanks to this convenient lodging network, you can focus only on trekking and do not have to carry food, supplies or be worried where are you going to spend a night. It is customary to eat (dinner and breakfast) in the lodge where you sleep.
WHERE TO STAY IN KATHMANDU
Budget | Kathmandu Mantra Home - Nice, spacious, and air-conditioned rooms, excellent location in a safe area. Overall - great bang for the buck.
Mid-range | Oasis Kathmandu Hotel - Spotless modern rooms, quiet location so you will get a good sleep at night, and walking distance from Thamel.
Luxury | Baber Mahal Vilas - A beautiful boutique hotel set in a lovely quiet place where you will find exceptional service, thematic rooms, and warm-hearted staff.
Prices are negotiable (although ACAP standardized prices of lodging and food to ensure minimum standards), but we believe in high season there is not enough space for bargaining. We hiked in shoulder season and were usually offered to pay only for meals, and the room was for free.
Rooms are basic but considerably clean. The bed has a mattress and pillows (do not forget to bring a sleeping bag), and at the higher altitude, there were also blankets (we always use mummy liner under it because of hygiene).
Shared washrooms are standard, only a few times we had a room with an attached bathroom. A restaurant in the lodge is a multipurpose place, which serves not only for eating but also as a place to hang around, share stories and keep yourself warm.
Visa for nepal
All foreigners, except Indians, must have a visa. You can get a visa at one of the automatic registration machines at the airport and pay for it at the counter.
Price depends on the length of your stay, single-entry tourist visa costs $25 for 15 days, $40 for 30 days and $100 for 90 days. Officers require payment in USD, and it is better to have the exact amount or smaller bills with you.
As almost everywhere around the world, your passport must be valid for at least six months before your arrival.
Permits for annapurna circuit trek
To trek Annapurna Circuit, you must obtain two permits: ACAP (Annapurna Conservation Area Permit) and TIMS ( Trekkers Information Management System). You can get both permits in Kathmandu or Pokhara, and it cost 2000 NPR each.
If you travel independently, visit the office of Nepal Tourism Board. We took the cab there from the airport and arranged the permits immediately after our arrival (address is Pradarshani Marg, Kathmandu 44617).
Branches are open every day and unless there is queue you should get your permits within 30 minutes. Prepare two passport photos for each application.
Keep ACAP and TIMS forms with you while trekking because there are checkpoints along the way and you'll have to show it to officers. It is possible to arrange permits via travel agency for an extra fee, but it is unnecessary when considering how easy it is to get them on own.
How Much Money Do I Need To Carry With Me?
Annapurna Circuit is cash only, and it is not possible to pay by credit card along the way. There is an ATM in Jomson though not very reliable, and also withdrawal limit is very low.
That's why we decided to withdraw the cash for the whole trek in Kathmandu. ATMs withdrawal limit varies from 10 000 to 30 000 NPR, and the bank charges a processing fee 200 - 500 NPR every time.
We had estimated the cost of the journey around Nepal and wanted to carry at least 100 000 NPR (less than 1000USD, two persons, 22days) for the whole stay.
It's also worth mentioning that you should always keep extra cash for an unexpected expense. If you’re not sure ho much money you need, check our article how much we spent trekking the Annapurna Circuit.
DRINKING Water while trekking in the himalayas
Tap water in Nepal, in general, is not drinkable, buy bottled water or use water purifier tablets or drops (nowadays you can buy water purification tablets which do not affect the taste).
It is recommended to use tablets because Nepalis, especially in the mountains, have problems with the cumulation of plastic bottles as they do not know what to do with it, so they usually burn it or bury it to the ground which is not exactly environmentally friendly.
You can also find ACAP safe drinking water stations along the way, 1 liter is about one third cheaper than bottled water. Check before departure where you can find drinking stations. Only one drinking station was out of order due to lack of water on our journey.
Transport to and from the annapurna circuit
Nowadays, the traditional start of the trek is in Besisahar. Bus from Kathmandu costs 430 NPR, and it is six to eight hours long, bumpy and tiring journey even though the distance is less than 200 km.
Gongabu Bus Park Station is close to Thamel area so you can get there on foot or take a cab. If you travel with a party of people, it might be worth considering to rent a minivan just for your group. You can also get to Besisahar from Pokhara, and it takes four hours.
The end point of the trek is for everyone different, probably the most of all hikers end right after crossing Thorong La in Ranipauwa or Jomsom.
You can easily find a bus or jeep to Pokhara or Kathmandu from here.
There is also an option to get in Jomsom and take an hour-long domestic flight to Kathmandu.
Tourist services are getting better every year in Nepal, and nowadays it is possible to find here also better, and more comfortable transport options. If you do not want to travel in Nepal by public transport, or you prefer your flexibility and faster journey, you can either book a transport from Kathmandu to Pokhara or from Pokhara to Kathmandu
Safety in nepal
We didn't have any issues when hiking in the mountains and never felt threatened. As always, be cautious, do not leave your documents and money unattended.
We could say that people living along Annapurna Circuit are friendly, welcoming and know tourists bring money to the region only when they will feel safe. Wild dogs, rapid weather changes, or high altitude sickness pose a higher risk than random encounters with people.
We also felt pretty safe in big cities Kathmandu and Pokhara.
Altitude sickness and how to prevent it
The real danger on Annapurna Circuit or generally in Nepalese mountains is an underestimation of symptoms of altitude mountain sickness (AMS). Persons exposed to a low amount of oxygen at high altitude are prone to experience symptoms of AMS. It is impossible to predict how your body will react in higher elevation, the only way how to protect yourself is to be patient and acclimatize properly.
Altitude sickness affects people in higher elevation, and everyone's body can react differently. A human body starts to feel high altitude effects already in 2400 meters. But the crucial altitude, where is recommended to stay for few days, until the body gets used to it, is around 3500 meters above sea level.
On Annapurna Circuit it means, for example, to stay at least two days in Manang with day trips to a higher elevation. After few days of acclimatization do not climb 300-400 meters or more a day, and always sleep at a lower altitude than was your highest point of the day. Drink lots of water and avoid alcohol during your hike.
We met several couples along the way who had health problems and had to head back. In most cases, they arrived directly from lowlands to Manang by jeep and did not acclimatize gradually.
Symptoms can be following: loss of appetite, headache, nausea, dizziness, insomnia, nose bleeding or shortness of breath - ok we experience almost all of them, but after rest or one night, everything went back to normal.
If the problems persist, take medication against the sickness, if you are not getting better, go immediately lower even though it should be in the middle of the night. Wake up staff in the lodge and ask them for help, do not wait until morning. Symptoms can evolve to HAPE (high altitude pulmonary edema) or HACE (high altitude cerebral edema), and consequences can be fatal.
annapurna circuit packing list
It is not easy to decide what to bring along and what to leave at home when you know that you will have to carry it all the way up and the weather may vary from tropical heat to freezing snowstorm.
There is always compromise between things you must have and a certain level of comfort. You should consider carrying a maximum of 13 kg as you'll feel every extra kilogram with increasing altitude and fatigue. Remember that you must have water bottles with you which will add few kilograms to a total weight of your backpack.
You don't have to carry food with you as you'll get a proper meal in your lodge at the end of the day. We had only few muesli bar snacks with us.
WHAT TO PACK FOR ANNAPURNA CIRCUIT
Packing for the Annapurna Circuit Trek can be challenging.
We started in Besisahar (740m) in a jungle-like climate, where temperatures were hitting 30+ degrees of Celsius and after more than 14 days of challenging trekking finally crossed the snow-covered Thorong La Pass (5416m), the highest point of our adventure.
You need a bit of everything, but also you must pack light, so try not to overpack. Every extra kilogram will count and you will feel it when climbing up. To give you a simple example, you need short-sleeved t-shirt and shorts for the first part, but you also need a down jacket for cold weather and should wear winter gloves for Thorong La in case there is a snowstorm.
These seven things are absolutely essential to include in your packing list.
Rucksack for Him & for Her | When traveling without a porter, it is essential to choose the right large backpack with waist straps and good back support - nowadays you can choose a backpack for man or women, because the physique is different, and the comfort will be better. When it comes to hiking Annapurna Circuit, bear in mind that you should not carry more than 13 kilograms, optimal weight is anything between 8 to 12 kilograms to enjoy the hike without back and knee pain.
Sleeping Bag for Him & for Her | There is no heating in the rooms, and nights can be really cold. Well, we don't want to scare you, but they will be cold. I remember one night, when I was wearing down jacket, warm hat and leggings inside my sleeping bag, and was not able to warm up. Accommodation might provide you with extra blankets, but they are not often enough. Generally, we wouldn't travel to Nepal without own sleeping bag.
Hiking Poles | Nepal was the first country where we used hiking poles, and we had a great experience. Hiking poles will help your knees when hiking downhill or uphill and are great for establishing walking pace and rhythm.
Camera | Camera and lenses were probably the heaviest things we packed with us to Nepal, but they were well worth it.
You can also read our in-depth Annapurna Circuit packing list, where you will find more useful tips and advice on what to pack and what to leave behind.
What Amenities to Expect on the annapurna circuit?
We were genuinely surprised by the quality of service along the way. We could connect to Wi-Fi (do not expect high speed and sometimes the connection is not reliable or down) in almost every lodge except a few just before Thorung La.
Almost everywhere is advertised hot shower even though it was very often cold (the host with a big smile on his face will inform you "today may be no sun"). If there is no hot water, you can ask for a bucket, and the host may warm it up for you.
The only place we had to pay extra was in Yak Kharka (4035 m), and there was a water outage in Thorong Pedi due to freezing temperatures.
Highest Point of Annapurna Circuit
The highest point on APC is Thorung La Pass, 5416 meters above sea level. For most of the hikers, this is the highest point they've reached so far in their lives.
The most elevated lodge where is possible to spend a night is Thorung High Camp Hotel in 4850 meters, but the night here can be cold and uncomfortable because of the altitude so instead of pushing your limits it is better to stay in Thoroung Pedi the night before crossing the pass. The place lies 4540 meters above sea level, and we slept lightly and woke up several times during the night.
You can conquer 5000 meters before crossing Thorung La on a notable side trip to the world's highest lake of its size - Tilicho Lake (4919 m). The viewing point of the lake is 5010m.
Side Trip to Tilicho Lake - Worth Extra Days?
Once you get into planning your Annapurna Circuit itinerary, you will face a tough decision, if undertook the way to Tilicho Lake, the world's highest lake of its size in the hight of 4919 meters.
Is it worth it? Short answer, YES!
Ok, do you want to hear a long one?
If you have three extra days to spare and you feel physically fit, this trek will not only help you with acclimatization, but you'll also beat the crowds, and enjoy the ultimate beauty. Still undecided? We'll make it easier for you this is a must-do!
Check the weather forecast before you go, and walk from Manang (Manang is the best place for acclimatization) to Tilicho Base Camp and back before the sun gets too high as the heat in the afternoon may loosen rocks on the steep slopes above you.
How fit do I need to be to trek APC?
Depending upon your starting point, you'll most likely walk seven to sixteen days, about at least five hours a day at high altitudes. We wouldn't set off on this trip without preparation.
Anyone moderately fit can do it, try to walk during the week with a backpack at least a month before leaving and you might also consider adding a basic workout. Do not underestimate this part as we believe you want to enjoy the trip.
If you are not sure you'll be able to carry a heavy backpack every day, take into consideration hiring a porter who will take care of your bag, and your only task will be the walking part. Do not forget you are responsible for you guide's or porter's equipment.
There were cases when porters walked the whole circuit only in flip-flops. Make sure your porter has adequate equipment for mountain conditions.
TREKKING INDEPENDENTLY VS HIKING WITH A GUIDE
Annapurna Circuit can be walked many ways. You can do the hike from the start to the end on own and carry all your stuff, you can hire a porter, and focus only on walking, or you can even reserve a tour, and have arranged everything from day one to the last day, including accommodation, transport, and food. It is only up to you, your travel style, level of fitness, which option you will decide for. We walked the Annapurna Circuit completely independently, and did not find it hard, but it is true, that at that time we were already quite experienced, and knew what to expect from multi-day treks when carrying the load on our back.
WHERE TO STAY IN POKHARA
Pokhara serves as a base for keen trekkers from all over the world who want to start or end their incredible adventure around Annapurnas.
For us, Pokhara quickly became a special place after we returned after 14 days of trekking the famous Annapurna Circuit.
What we found in the city was not only a relaxed and peaceful atmosphere, fantastic attractions, and amazing food but also excellent hotel choices.
If you are traveling on a tight budget, you can still find a bed for as low as 5 USD, but we would recommend you, to splurge a bit and pay a little bit extra. You won't complete one of the most beautiful (and for us challenging) treks around the Himalayas every day.
Budget | Hotel Middle Path & Spa - Bright air-conditioned rooms, great choices for breakfast, and amazing views from the roof terrace. One of the best values for money in Pokhara.
Mid-range | Hotel White Pearl - Centrally located hotel overlooking the Phewa lake and mountains. The rooms are spacious and clean, the staff is professional and friendly and a great breakfast is included.
Luxury | Himalayan Front Hotel by KGH Group - If you want to treat yourself after long and exhausting Annapurna Trek, this place is perfect for you. You can watch the sunrise with views of snow-capped Annapurnas from the room, beds are extremely comfortable and staff helpful.
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Did we miss something? We'd like to think we answered all of your questions (and more!), but if you still have questions, let us know in the comments below!